Resources and Library:

Planning Trails with Wildlife in Mind

Hosted by

A list of key words, concepts, and terms used in the study of wildlife habitat and outdoor recreation.


Bibliography and Sources of Information

Planning Trails with Wildlife in Mind: A Handbook for Trail Planners



Included here are terms used in the handbook or terms likely to be encountered in other sources of wildlife and habitat information.



Greenways for Wildlife bibliography; NC State University

Managing Development for People and Wildlife: A Handbook for Habitat Protection by Local Governments
Incorporating wetland and water quality enhancements into greenway design



Bay Area Trail studies habitat impacts of trail access

Studying the condition of natural resources along the Appalachian Trail

A Comparative Study of Impacts to Mountain Bike Trails in Five Common Ecological Regions of the Southwestern U.S. (pdf 750 kb)



U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service: Endangered Species Program

USDA Forest Service ecosystem services

NRCS Technical Resources, includes the National PLANTS database.

USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service: Conservation Programs, including, incentive programs for wildlife, wetlands, soil, environmental quality.



Rocky Mountains Cooperative Ecosystem Studies Unit

Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife Habitat Publications

Links to state wildlife agencies

Restoration and Management News

Trail Design Manuals

Parker, Troy Scott. 2004. Natural surface trails by design: physical and human design essentials of sustainable, enjoyable trails. ISBN: 0-9755872-0. Natureshape LLC.

Steinholtz, Robert T.; Vachowski, Brian. 2007. Wetland trail design and construction. Tech. Rep. 0723-2804-MTDC. Missoula, MT: U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Missoula Technology and Development Center. 90 p.

Planning and managing environmentally friendly mountain bike trails (pdf 3.1.mb)

USDA Forest Service: Trail Construction and Maintenance Notebook

More trail design and construction resources at:

Print Friendly
Print Friendly and PDF




Facebook Twitter

Stay up to date on legislative issues for trails, follow us on Facebook and Twitter.


business directory


trail database

Need trail skills and education? Do you provide training? Join the National Trails Training Partnership!

The NTTP Online Calendar connects you with courses, conferences, and trail-related training

arrowEnjoy and share the new online, digital version of the American Trails Magazine!

arrowHelp us provide you more useful resources to keep you on the cutting-edge -- please join today!

arrowWe are advocating for your interests! Visit the Supporting Trails page to view the latest in legislative news, current issues, and opportunities, and to learn how to access funding.

arrow Sign me up for American Trails Action Alerts and e-Newsletters">Sign up for American Trails Action Alerts and Trail Tracks e-Newsletters.


PDF  Some of our documents are in PDF format and require free Adobe Acrobat Reader software.
  Download Acrobat Reader

section 508 logo American Trails and NTTP support accessibility with Section 508: read more.